Henry VIII was king of England from 1509 to 1537, and was also the king of Ireland and claimant to the kingdom of France. He was the second king from the House of Tudor, and is most famous for breaking England away from the Roman Catholic Church and creating the Church of England. This was due mainly to his desire to divorce Catherine of Aragon, his first of six notable wives.
Henry VIII strove to be a renaissance man, writing fine music and poems, as well as eloquent papers on theology and flowery love letters to some of his wives. Henry also spent his kingdom's money in profligate ways - increasing the Royal Navy from 5 ships to 53, and building palaces across the kingdom.